Breed Development

Why Breed for Worm Resistance

 

Increasing awareness of the costs associated with worm control and concerns relating to wormer resistance have increased interest in breeding sheep with greater immunity to roundworms.

The degree to which sheep are affected by the presence of roundworms in their gut is quite variable; with some individuals affected much worse than others. This variation has a genetic component, which if it can be assessed, can be used to select animals that are genetically more resistant to roundworm infection.

Selecting rams within a closed flock with highly negative FEC EBVs means their progeny have the potential to:

  • Perform better e.g. in terms of lamb growth rate
  • Require less frequent treatment with anthelmintics
  • Lambs shed fewer nematode eggs in their dung, therefore reducing the levels of larval challenge for other sheep (whether these have also been selected for worm resistance or not)
  • Ewes sired by more resistant sires shed fewer worm eggs at lambing time, reducing pasture contamination and improving lamb growth rates.
  • Reduce the worm burden on heavily stocked pastures over time

 

Breeding for worm resistance provides both a useful way to improve flock performance and a valuable marketing tool for selling rams.

Subsidy is available from each of the devolved bodies, EBLEX, HCC and QMS to support the recording of FEC and enhance its availability to pedigree breeders.

What does it take to breed for worm resistance?

Worm resistance can be assessed by analysing an the Faecal Egg Count (FEC) of lambs at around 21 weeks of age. Breeders send faecal samples to a laboratory, who send FEC scores to Signet for analysis to produce a FEC EBV – indicating resistance to worms.

Remember - before sampling: -

  • Lambs must be experiencing a worm challenge.
  • Test at least 15 lambs to provide a meaningful sample – preferably more

 

Getting the best out of breeding for worm resistance

Take a mob sample.

  • Ensure lambs are experiencing a challenge. Only when mob samples are over 100 eggs per gramme should individual lambs be sampled.

 

Take meaningful measurements

  • The lambs must not have been treated for worms within at least the last 4 weeks
  • Lambs should have graze ‘dirty’ pastures for at least the last 4 weeks.
  • Don't sample lambs given ‘long-acting’ or ‘persistent’ drenches.
  • Ensure lambs have been under the same management throughout their life

 

Timing

  • Samples can be sent once lambs are over 18 weeks of age
  • Samples must be submitted at least 5 days before the BLUP deadline

 

Numbers to sample

  • The most accurate breeding values will be obtained in flocks that sample all their lambs.
    Flocks sampling a subset of their lambs should consider sampling one sex and an absolute minimum of 15 lambs.
  • Ideally at least 5 lambs should be sampled by each sire.
  • Sample a cross section of the flock, not just the “best” lambs.

 

Sampling procedure

  • Information on how to sample lambs will be supplied by SAC with the FEC sampling packs

 

Who provides a FEC Counting Service?

Innovis are not providing a service in 2012. A service is available through SAC Veterinary Services, Mill of Craibstone, Aberdeen, AB21 9TB Tel: 01224 711177

What does it cost to?

Signet understand that SAC Veterinary Services will be charging approximately £6.00 per sample (plus VAT); with some additional costs arising relating to the provision and postage of sampling kits.

Levy body subsidy: EBLEX & HCC = £2.50 / sample QMS = £2.00 / sample

Signet members must claim the subsidy direct from their levy body by submitting a copy of the SAC invoice.

For more information contact: -
SAC Veterinary Services, Mill of Craibstone, Aberdeen, AB21 9TB
Tel: 01224 711177 Email: vcaberdeen@sac.co.uk